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“LENGBAO”ANFANGDAODANXITONG。LAIYUAN:HUANQIUWANG

据俄新社报道,俄罗斯将于2027年前用“舞会”和“棱堡”岸防导弹系统重新装备“海岸部队”,用以维护长达3.4万公里的海岸线,巩固“岸防红线”。在黑海局势持续紧张、俄美军事摩擦不断、俄罗斯“北极战略”进入关键期的复杂局势下,俄军为何突然转向岸防部队的装备更新?其中又透露出怎样的信号?

装备陆续列装,加强海岸威慑

在6月24日的红场阅兵中,“舞会”机动式岸防导弹吸引了世界目光,该岸防导弹系统由四辆发射车组成,可在几秒内齐射32枚最大射程130公里的Kh-35“天王星”亚音速反舰导弹,其超低空飞行加上145公斤的战斗部可以对5000吨级的舰艇进行有效打击。“舞会”岸防导弹系统在2011年首次编入里海舰队,5分钟的部署时间和仅仅30分钟的二次发射间隔,使它成为北约部署在里海舰队的巨大威胁。

“LENGBAO”ANFANGDAODANXITONGZAIELUOSIWEIGUOZHANZHENGSHENGLI75ZHOUNIANYUEBINGSHIZHONGSHOUCIGONGKAILIANGXIANG,YU“WUHUI”ANJIANDAODANXITONGXIANGBI,“LENGBAO”XITONGDEZHENCHAYUJINGTIXIGENGJIAQUANMIAN,CHULEJIESHOUKONGTIAN、LEIDA、WURENJI、JIANCHUANDEZHENCHAYUJINGXINXI,ZISHENHAIJUYOUQIANGDADELEIDAZHENCHAYUJINGNENGLI,QIZHUANGBEIDE“GAOMANAO”CHAOYINSUFANJIANDAODANYOUXIAOGONGJIJULICHAOGUO300GONGLI,MIBULE“WUHUI”XITONGDESHECHENGQUEXIAN。MEIGUO《GUOJIALIYI》ZAZHIYOUWENZHANGZHICHU,ELUOSI“LENGBAO-P”ANFANGDAODANXITONGKENENGCHENGWEIMOSIKEDUISHOUDE“ZHENZHENGSHASHOUJIAN”。

ZAOZAIQUNIAN,ELUOSITAIPINGYANGJIANDUISILINGAWAJIYANGCIZAIJIESHOUCAIFANGSHIJIUBIAOSHI,ZINIANCHUQI,JINYONGYIGEYUE,EJUNYUANDONGDIQUJIUHUODELEGEYIGESHIDE“WUHUI”HE“LENGBAO”ANFANGDAODANXITONG,YONGYITIHUANSHANGYIDAIDEANJIDAODANXITONG。JINRIEMEIZAIBAILINGHAIXIAMOCABUDUAN,SHUANGFANGZHANLVEHONGZHAJINILAIWOWANG,BANSUIMOCASHENGJIDEKENENG,ZHEIXIEXINBUSHUDEANFANGDAODANXITONGHUOCHENGWEIDUIMEIJUNHAISHANGSHILIJINXINGWEISHEDEZHONGYAOSHOUDUAN。

弥补海军劣势,维护海岸安全

自前苏联解体以来,人才流失和资金短缺导致俄罗斯造船工业落后严重,其现有的造船工业只能建造中小型水面舰艇,2018年开始服役的4500吨级22350型护卫舰是俄海军近年来新增的排水量最大的水面舰艇。目前俄罗斯主要依靠前苏联时期留存的大型水面舰艇来保持其海上实力,但是与美军现代化核动力航母编队相比,俄罗斯海军的实力劣势明显。

在海军处于劣势的情况下,重新装备岸防部队是俄罗斯以退为进的重要战略部署。2014年克里米亚危机中,美军阿利伯克级导弹驱逐舰“库克”号驶入黑海,刚刚出厂的“棱堡”系统被部署至克里米亚对其进行威慑,仅1天时间,“库克”号就撤离黑海。俄罗斯总统普京曾评价称,正是因为“棱堡”的存在,美国和北约才不敢贸然将军舰开进黑海。

DANSHIZAI2018NIAN,YOU“LENGZHANJIANDUI”ZHICHENGMEIGUOHAIJUNDIERJIANDUIZHONGXINZUJIAN,QIDUIEHAIJUNJINXINGEZHIDEZHANLVEYITUJIQIMINGXIAN,2019NIANMEIGUOTUICHU《ZHONGDAOTIAOYUE》,EMEI《XINXUEJIANZHANLVEWUQITIAOYUE》YEJIANGZAI2021NIANDAOQI,JINRIBEIYUEGUOJIAZHENDUIELUOSIDEJUNSHIYANXIYECHIXUBUDUAN。MEIGUODEHAISHANGEZHI、DOUYINappGUANWANG《XINXUEJIANZHANLVEWUQITIAOYUE》DEQIANJINGANDANHEZHENDUIXINGJUNSHIYANXI,SHIELUOSIMIANLINDEJUNSHITIAOZHANKONGQIANYANZHONG,ZAIZHONGYAZHIXIA,ELUOSIBUDEBUJIAQIANGQIDUIHAIANBUDUIDEZHONGXINBUSHULAIYINGDUIMANZHANGHAIANXIANANQUANWENTI。

响应北极战略,保持优势地位

雷速体育SUIZHEQIHOUBIANNUAN,BEIJIQUAN“LENGTU”BIAN“RETU”,BEIJIDIQUFENGFUDEZIYUANHEBIANLIDEHAISHANGJIAOTONGSHIZHICHENGWEISHIJIEJIAODIANZHIYI,GEGUOZAIGAIDIQUBOYIBUDUAN,ZUOWEIZUIDADE“BEIJIGUOJIA”,BEIJIDIQUDEZHANLVEJIAZHIHEDIYUANZHENGZHIYIYIDUIELUOSIJIQIZHONGYAO,ZI2008NIANQI,ELUOSIZHENDUIBEIJIDIQUBANBULEDUOBUZHANLVEGUIHUA,QIZHONG2015NIANDE《ELUOSILIANBANGHAIYANGXUESHUO》BABEIDAXIYANGHEBEIJILIEWEIELUOSIHAISHANGZHANLVEDESHOUYAOFANGXIANG。

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JINNIAN6YUE6RI,ELUOSIZONGTONGPUJINGQIANSHUFALING,XUANBU2021NIAN1YUE1RIQIYIBEIFANGJIANDUIWEIJICHUCHENGLIDIWUJUNQU,JIAQIANGDUIBEIJIDIQUDEKONGZHI。SUIZHEELUOSIZHENDUIBEIJIDEYIXILIEDEJUNSHIXINGDONG,DUOGUOZAIBEIJIDIQUDEJUNBEIJINGSAIJIANGHUIJINYIBUJIHUA,WEIYINGDUIJINZHANGJUSHI,ZAIANFANGBUDUIZHONGXINZHUANGBEIXIANJINFANJIANDAODANXITONG,JIANGDAFUDUTIGAOEFANGZAIBEIJIDEZHANLVEYOUSHIDIWEI,WEIHUZAIBEIJIDIQUDEDIYUANLIYI。 (ZHAOWEIMIN、LIUZIXING、YINXUEJIANG、MADONGTANG)